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|Saturday, 12-May-2012 09:12
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China management wrong !Pig swine flu is actually nothing ,man is sick, management mistake !Popular management theory error, is repeated stimulation of people seeking to do do greatly strong .
Greed once stimulated ,they resort to every conceivable means .Mahatma Gandhi 100 years ago tofind the crux of the problem .He said ," ;earth resources can meet the needs of each individual ,but can not satisfy people " ;.
In today swine flu is rampant global time ,revisiting the prophet warned ,could not help but modern shame .Great disaster, we need to rethink our management of the United States of America financial crisis exposed !The United States of America blindly aggrandizement elite digital management of malocclusion .
Chinese business circles from the United States where the transplanted from a set of digital management system is also wrong .Wang Yukun / 2008,should be made in China International Education Group and the Japanese middle even MIC Lean Production Research Institute ,I with a 20entrepreneurs andexecutives visit study tour to Nagoya ,Japan Gifu Toyota visit and study the company Toyota mode of production .
On the plane ,I still think ,Chinese private entrepreneurs are pious ,manufacturing in China winter coming in moments of crisis ,but also Back to Japan to study .There know ,Korean business community than we pay more attention to learn from Toyota .
And we also trained 5 otherclass of 100 Koreanlearning team .We see in the lounge ,a world-class company Samsung Electronics sent to Gifu trained personnel have over 20000 traineesfrom .
Executives to the class and group leaders and staff at the scene .Therefore ,South Korean President Lu Wuxuan gave Toyota Toyota Way Gifu MIC Institute issued a national award. The Koreans than Chinese hard.
Evening in the hotel lobby ,everyone started teaching plan and practice of paper in the homework seriously. But the Chinese are accustomed to gather in the together, talk with eloquence .
Talk with eloquence and learning .And 20 entrepreneursand executives spend 7 daysis very meaningful. Half a day to Japanese teacher ,a half-day visit .Visited a factory 8. Class ,entrepreneur people be in the best of spirits ,repeated controlled field ,analysis their enterprise true problem of exchange and collision, every day .
Continue into the night .One is a Japanese teacher and to visit the factory ,may also have a blurred vision does not understand. I and 20withenterprise real problem entrepreneurs and executives.
Collision agitate, leading many to look things in general ,has a unique meaning .My trip to Japan is the greatest feeling ,Chinese management fault .To Toyota as the representative of a large number of Japanese companies ,in the grasp of the future first-class enterprise reality .
They all pay attention to the leading time ,pay attention to education ,pay attention to the scene to solve the problem .From the United States and China business management where transplant in a lot of things ,may need to rethink .
No capital ,Toyota had to maximize the use of artificial lever 1929ToyotaKiichiro first visit to mainland Europe and the United States ,he spent four months time ,visited England ,America especially American car production enterprises ,established in Europe and the United States automobile production status .
He was on the road running vehicle deeply shocked .In return the boat, he was standing at the fore face .At that moment, he realized that the car will change in the future society. He determined to make Japanese own cars.
Toyota Kiichiro ideas textile magnate mm father got Fengtianzuoji support ,established Institute of automobile .By Toyota Toyota Kiichiro was founded in 1933 1937established in August" ;Toyota industrial strains In the " ;.
Starting from zero stumbled .The start also extremely difficult . In 1949 ,the company has reached the end of hills and rivers . An absence of orders ,bank funds pull tight ,company management crisis, banks forced to cut 3000 people,or making loans .
President Toyota Kiichiro had to lay off 1600 employees .Then ,he take the initiative to assume responsibility, resigned as director ,to thank the other employees. As president of Toyota two with executives to American expedition for 12 weeks.
They expected to American factories manufacturing process and methodological advances are amazing ,but it is not true. They were surprised to find the methods of mass production ,from 1930 to 1950,the fundamental not much changed .
This system itself has many shortcomings :many production equipment to create a large number of inventory ,only later to be transported to another department. Then requires more equipment to process the inventory, and then was shipped to the warehouse .
After a while and then sent to the next process of mass production ,each step .Interruption ,resulting in a large number of materials into waiting transportation inventory .Equipment does not stop production ,employees work non-stop ,finally is to make a lot of work in process inventory .
Toyota .Division is not cost burden of such waste. So the Toyota two authorized Taiichi Ohno to the United States for reference, complete transformation of Toyota production line .Taiichi Ohno have succeeded in carrying out an assignment ,lead engineer ,staff and managers ,to begin a few years hands-on " ;" ;trip ,developed into a world famous " ;" Toyota mode of production ;Taiichi Ohno .
Can be said to be the father of the Toyota production mode ,but he took all the success all boils down to the Toyota two senators thought. Toyota Kiichiro was proposed by " ;produce only the necessary " ,Toyota Kiichiro father Fengtianzuoji ,textile machine by the thought of " ;a the problem stops production of " ;Toyota .
And ideas, but also with the farmers naive intuition :no money hoard goods ,does not produce waste products. This is a common sense in two ,Taiichi Ohno puissant carry out ,at the end of the 1970 evolution into a world of Toyota mode of production the two pillars of TPS :" ;on time production of " ;and " " TPS ;automation ;from 1950 time begin toexplore ,to 1980 time world renowned created .
In this system ,Taiichi Ohno met unimaginable resistance. And with his own unique strong management ,and excellent Made Man Road, will resist all one one dissolves ,thereby successfully established the TPS later after Toyota inside and outside researchers widespread refining and hammer ,with a simple definition :Toyota production mode TPS = JIT + automation + made Toyota production system to rewrite the global industry history ,it drives almost all the industrial transformation ,the Toyota manufacturing and supply chain management concepts and methods, has contributed to the global manufacturing industry and service industry management reform .
The Toyota mode of production is far from China to Japan from China is very close, Toyota is far from China .In Europe and the United States and Japan company for resource prices and more tired condition Toyota Toyota ,www.adidasjeremyscottit.com,but because the way TPS contrarian-up .
Chinese enterprises and Japanese companies face the same harsh environment .Arguably ,a breakthrough in predicament of the Toyota production system for Chinese enterprises should follow the example of Toyota company .
Every year to visit the heavy traffic ,but so far China enterprise Toyota successful case rarely .Why ?Someone says ,the Toyota way is designed for the Japanese design .The Yamato ,in his heart of hearts there is a very strong group concept ,even though There are good people and made a very good performance, he would not have benefits ,but will be most willing to sharing with others .
The Toyota way is the human mind ,Japanese ,the whole idea of embodiment .Toyota production system perfect for heartbeat ,once the translation of cultural background, inevitably the climate does not suit one.
However ,Toyota .China ,the United States ,Toyota Toyota Toyota Toyota Brazil ,India and so on global manufacturers ,different countries and different human mind ,the Toyota production methods can can run in both directions unblockedly .
Actually, in the back of the analysis we can see ,the Toyota production methods and is not difficult to learn ,but Toyota mode of production of the truth, and not to all the people benefit.
The Toyota production system are those enterprises infringing the ruler interest .Some people say ,Toyota way too microcosmic ,China now the opportunity to many, many companies is a strategic one stage ," " ;lean production ;also not ranked team .
While Toyota is because the global implementation of the Toyota production system ,seized a strategic opportunity ,so that in the hybrid and a series of advanced automotive technology and process, continued to lead ,Toyota series of products is a superb collection of beautiful things .
Originally, a in the enterprise strategy and key field no breakpoint perfect structure ,the Toyota company out of the ordinary .Someone says ,the Toyota production mode is only suitable for the brand establishment ,orders not anxious ,sales channels of the company ,because they can the static under heart to come the train .
And Chinese medium and small businesses still exists problems not to eat ,to engage in the sale of how to live ?In fact ,Toyota production system is starting " ;no money ,want to manufacture automobile " ;hard phase ," ;if the company money ,who do not know the introduction of first-class production line was more effective than " ;real money !The company ,may not be in operation deep site " ;" ;product strategy and manufacturing ,sales .
Technical field ,no breakpoint Toyota production system, it is to strengthen the marketing tools. Some people say ,the Toyota production methods ,requirements of the pipeline operation requirement is too high ,the general company up to that standard .
While Toyota Kanban visual management ,stick out a mile ,Connaught large workshop without a computer ,as long as the plate with his fingers the number to the 1-10 person ,you can import TPS.
Because the Kanban management make everything simple and direct .Peer an entrepreneur sigh ,these years he can but A person around the world ,is because the visual sign be crystal clear .
Someone says ,the Toyota production methods on the staff action research is very fine ,so that in considering how to save 0.1ssuch things ,workers nervous busy .But in the production line, employees in a horseshoe shape space ,rhythmic movements in several processing swap ,like tai chi, not nervous at all.
On the contrary, TPS effort is employees can have free will work done more efficiently. The practice is now the worst ,has been the staff constantly seeking to improve the actuator. 2000June,Toyota and Xiali binary funded the establishment of Toyota " " ;Tianjin ;Japan Toyota ,experts to study concluded that Toyota Production System in China ,the portability is small.
Because the sales information and production information without docking ;and a small ,high frequency of purchase on the contrary,Adidas Porsche Design, many quantity ,low frequency and a large number of intermediate purchase inventory is very common ;more serious closed " ;system transaction " ;and " ;bargain buying " ,plus " ;" ;delay in payment ;transverse ,makes the TPS landing a bleak future .
2002 ,Tianjin Changchun FAW Toyota and reorganization of the joint venture ,set up a " ;Tianjin Steam Toyota ,Toyota led by " ;operation ,import TPS possible. Then take the key measure has two ,one is to start from zero ,the recruitment of new staff to the proportion of 95%, a piece of white paper can draw the most beautiful picture ;two is from the Japanese sent Deluxe expert group :from the early days of the in 50 ,to the peak of the 260,one to one centralized infusion .
It seems ,Toyota production system or landing core made man .Used of zero-sum game Chinese ,no points from scratch will and team cooperation new thinking ,even can master the Toyota production system of the original ,more have no way the floor .
A greater barrier is ,the introduction of Toyota production system ,in the enterprise is to establish the standard of right and wrong ,will empower employees to think independently and the pursuit of the best right ,this first assault is the incumbent .
Maybe this is the Toyota Production System in China can not shop out no reason. This is the Chinese management problems !Not to live that Toyota is by virtue of a minor plant and equipment ,to produce the world first-class car .
The large workshop ,a single computer to see, is full of native " " ;billboards ;.As Taiichi Ohno said, " ;To wrench finger count from 1 to 10people,you can import TPS" ;.
The Toyota production system, is the management of a simple regression ,regression to the scene of the creativity .Started, no one does not know the meaning of entrepreneur .They are the first-line technicians ,development or sales personnel ,then their opponents in .
There is a passion and pursuit. But ,when the company has the scale ,the introduction of luxury occupation management team ,all allow data processing computer command, they in the operation and management also appeared lost .
They begin to suspect that at first before the practice significance ,is suspicious of the original value .The legislation for the peer group chairman Zhou Zhijiang ,is such a scene from the boss started .
When the company sales income over 4000000000 yuan ,with various size enterprises ,standardize the management of the voice to the growing ,he doesn evil ,or still lead the executives at least a month to the workshop as an ordinary worker that values a shift from front-line veteran out .
He was Toyota employees ,pay attention to the wisdom to explore deeply shocked .He repeatedly asked the Japanese high wood lecture teacher ,the general Japanese employees and executives of the income gap How many ?He is told ,frontline staff and chief foreman ,the income gap of about 2 times, and the board of directors ,general manager of the factory gap of up to more than 3 times,with the highest level of employee of a gleam of company board of directors ,President and other senior vice president ,the income gap in about 7 times.
Zhou Zhijiang could not help but response, we income gap is tens to hundred times !The teacher said ," ;this is you move from the USA with practice ,do not create value executives get high salary.
It the United States of America ,this is also China problems !" ;yes, this is China management problems .Chinese business circles with emphasis on power and interest in " ;" ;management of the United States to be closer .
The United States of America Management bones is the elite culture ,management is Sophia ,employee is such a fool .Executives to take employee of a gleam of hundreds of times ,thousands of times the pay ,and employees also accept readily layoffs ,undertake to executive decision the risk of errors.
Perhaps American management emphasizes personal heroism ,often can turn bad into good ,back safe and sound in both ,the most suitable for China power of people .There are huge American Legion " ," ;turtle ;gradually governs the Chinese company high Layer ,embodies the power and interest in " ;" ;American management ,it is easy to become China powerful people heart Bible .
The United States wages ,it is favored by the people ,so that the company has not have accomplished something ,even severe loss ,company executives salary can be millions ,tens of millions of yuan.
The company a good operating condition ,it may not .A listed company chairman ,come down one year ,bonuses to a high of 100000000 yuan ,an often in different company the United States of America " ;" ,can actually get turtles ;known as the $1000000000 annual salary.
General staff salary is 20000 yuan, is the staff salary 50000 times !Not enterprise head ,is China management sorrow to the extreme ,even the company Fortune in nothing ethereal vase !Japan high wood teacher, shock us in the presence of every Chinese .
After returning home ,I asked a Japanese friend to find some information ,the Japanese Toyota company slightly first annual sequence :including on-site staff 2-3 yearsalary of 4000000 yen,working 9-10 year7000000 yen,foreman ,chief of yearly salary of 16000000 yen, company departmental minister salary of 25000000 yen, the board factory Manager for 30000000 yen ,group vice president and each function branch director the annual salary of 50000000 yen.
President ,CEO salary and corporate performance,www.adidasjeremyscottde.com, changes in the larger ,specific data is not known .And it is said that Toshiba ,CEO yen.That is not mechanically ,comparison between Chinese and Japanese employees and executives salary gap .
Japan year 1950-1980 growthin 30 years,Japanese employee income growth rate is very rapid ,never to the American 10%at a draught and American racing together bridle to bridle ,and Chinese economy is in 1978-2008 30 yearsgrowth, worker salary growth is extremely slow ,still lack the United States workers income 10%.
Perhaps ,from whole national consciousness and policy ,did not bring the workers wage growth ,as a country competitive power is the key to growth. In this context ,says " ;Chinese workers too low " ;,may be more realistic .
China faces a big transformation ,to the rapid growth of the financial income of the government into workers wage growth ,in this process ,Leave the little drops of life,the workers and executives of the income gap ,naturally fall .
Toyota employees and executives annual salary gap l field staff :4000000 M700million yen;l foreman ,Manager :About 16000000 yen ;l ministers :About 25000000 yen ;director of L factory :30000000 yen;l vice president director :About 50000000 yen ;the president of L ,CEO: 80000000 yenthe answer forever at the site in Japan, pay attention to field strength is not a Toyota ,Sony ,Panasonic ,Seibu .
Kyocera a first-class company ,is the field force believers. Kyocera Inamori founder said ," ;" ," field there are gods ;;the answer forever at the site of " ;site of the gods ,.
The Inamori operating in the 42 years of his career, a hand founded two of the world top 500 enterprises .In twentieth Century, we are familiar with a lot of the whiz kids described in the back safe and sound in both the American management by stars ,they use digital tools ,winning in the strategic conformity ,let us infinite yearning.
But the United States sub-loan crisis and the Enron scandal and a series of giant company ,will be included in the strict data in the huge trap at the booth in the before us, but also makes us shiver all over though not cold .
Actually, those data ,is already a " ;second-hand " ;.They are after a certain number of people draw on the advantages and avoid disadvantages refined full of illusion information management based on this .
Some " ;second-hand " ;,and boastful science ,even the United States management of fatal defects. This is a full " ;second-hand " ;we are in the world .But inextricably bogged down in ,we used to let " ;second-hand " ;slavery ,but seldom heard from live voice Toyota !Production founder Taiichi Ohno, revealed he was the scene of Thomas .
He grasped a simple truth : the wisdom of the waste is the biggest waste ,can not only use two hands ,we must use their brain. Now ,now ,now .The ability ,is also the site workers overall production efficiency.
To manufacturing industry, with the creativity of people to cultivate the depth and accuracy is the key of success or failure .Site staff ( technical ,sales and manufacturing capabilities ,can continue ) to break through the limit ,release potential, company will lose the truth! General management easy to spot as a bunch of numbers ,and TPS is grasped the scene the scene as a living ,full of spiritual knowledge build-up .
Management is not the focus of control of visual digital world ,but to those stored in the flesh and blood of potential ,Drama, big truck,recessive to create energy out ,and make up Field capacity and the strategic transfer between no breakpoint .
That year, Toyota Production System in Taiichi Ohno effect, air plant ,blossom fruit .But with Taiichi Ohno passes, new emerging as well as Toyota ,TPS practice theory ,enhance their ability to persuade ,not is a global business focus ,and Toyota globalization management necessary things .
Toyota ,R. Tian Xin and a number of practical experience of well-known professors ,the Toyota way to do theoretical attempt ,in order to better promote the Toyota production mode .In Hetian teacher led by MPM research institute focused on Toyota experts ( several are coached by Taiichi Ohno ) ,technical experts ,accounting experts and other departments and experts ,Henan provincial Party committee secretary Xu Guangchun through the river net friends to greet new y,electrical equipment and other large auto parts manufacturers of experts ,and Hitotsubashi University ,Nagoya University ,Magoya City University, Japan ,University of Tokyo and other schools associated professor ,the team continued to vary according to the Toyota company analysis ,mastery, and eventually find TPS authentic.
These results focused on the river Tian Xin Toyota ( Chinese Management Railway Press 2008.3)and will be published in Japanese just-in-time .Manufacturing operating system design is the starting point of thinking management what .
At the beginning of twentieth Century, management refers to the organization toward a direction to guide behavior. After World War II, management was defined as " ;power and status " ;,managers of each person behavior responsibility .
At the beginning of twenty-first Century, to return to human nature ,hold the spot in people ,become the organization design of important starting point. This TPS is also the starting point and foothold .
TPS special valued " " ;tacit knowledge ;and knowledge workers as the representative of the organization integration .In manufacturing management ,more important is how to be produced from the first-line Chung issued to intelligence into the business process, how will the tacit knowledge of the bottom-up ,with top-down strategy to establish relations ,it is the organizational integration and system design of the key.
River Tian Xin a hierarchical model for understanding economic information ,in order to live ability as the shaft of the base TPS helpful. Management information hierarchical model hierarchical phase information type information characteristic information objects form the old management a new management third Data structure is a currency dimension numerical control accounting information of second layer imaging data quantity latitude production information numerical control determination of first layer real image data genchi genbutsu scene information phrase without the control source: R.
Tian Xin Toyota management mode ,China Railway Publishing House published in March 2008.To form the basis for the first layer ,is the operating process further ,the front line, marketing ,technology ,production line .
This layer is information in mechanical failure ,interruption of work ,customer complaints ,new excitement phenomena such as the phrase patterns appear. The second layer is the quantity latitude production information ,which is data form .
The third layer is monetary latitude financial information. " ;as long as the data ,field information on a head knock it ." ;an arbitrary " ;non data ,site information " ;instantaneous optimal correspondence ,depending on the hit the workers own instant action taken.
This field capacity ,with a sudden ,spontaneous ,since decision ,self-discipline and many other characteristics ,depending on whether or not the brightest and dynamic organization .If the ability is strong enough ,the problem is yet to come To produce second level information and third levels of monetary information ,has been resolved.
TPS lies in its focus on process ,all may cause hidden trouble all eliminated. A program has been to ensure product to be flawless products, they have no quality inspection personnel ,no processing of huge data in the ERP system.
While the ERP has been popular in China for several years ,but the real reason is seldom successful ." ;second-hand " ;the authenticity of data has become a big problem .But implied judgement, " ;data to analyze the reality of " ;,when the data itself is lagging behind and full of illusion according to them ,the scene to control " ;tacit knowledge field ," ;a bit wrong .
The truth seems simple, but to not be personally on the scene of the people, or to attempt an ineffective solution .One sunny morning, we went to visit a parts factory .The factory director ,apparently by the site staff transformation of the factory ,he on a lathe and every site personnel ,there is a strange kind.
He said ,the staff is willing to receive instruction from executives ,so all the consequences from the Executive Responsible for the act .But once the decision right to him ,actually gives him great responsibility ,he must in every detail and consequences.
See our silly expression ,he used a homicide case ,to explain to us .For instance ,a killer to kill a person .If a person will kill one scene filmed, so later in the process of detection ,there is a scene evidence ,is easy to catch the murderer.
The photographs of the scene is the second latitude information. If the scene was not photographed ,the only set up a special case team ,gathering various experts ,restore the site ,and the analysis of homicide and killed all the possible clue .
This requires the field information further refined into third latitude information. Obviously, the latitude information collecting and processing cost is high ,and this difficulty is increased many times.
And these two dimensions of information ,it is afterwards. The scene was the moment reaction to setbacks ,avoidance or by hand or object to the knife off. There is in the first place.
This is the first level of the data ,the scene information .Therefore ,the Toyota production methods will be the pursuit of the best answer power and reflection power ,justice without instead Gu to the front-line staff .
Field spirits settled in spot ability .Whether past or present ,site are based on " ;non data ,site information " ;and " " ;tacit knowledge ;as the protagonist in the domain .
TPS is to seize the characteristics of field ,field workers ,by team independent design ,self adaptive rule ,self-discipline and autonomy ,so as to create the one and only life organization .
Taiichi Ono said ," ;TPS is a conscious revolution " ;.I know ,this " ;the consciousness revolution " ,first " ;leather ;second-hand " ;life! When people focus on real scene ,the real alignment problem ,unnecessary conflict is less ,the efficiency of the company also has a revolutionary improvement.
I hope this field " ;the consciousness revolution " ;capable of manufacturing industry in China is faster and more fierce .Empower employees to think independently and the pursuit of the best right river Tian Xin in his economic information in the hierarchical model ,found a close secret :when the first level perfect the system design and implementation ,second layer and third layer management necessity will disappear .
This is the ultimate goal of TPS ,that is to say ,the management will no longer have the tube Managers and managers of the distinction ,everyone is managers .Look weird, Toyota is extremely elegant and valuable .
In the first layer of the operation is converted into a state index of the moment ,the first layer information associated with the most often by second level data staff abandoned or lost .
And converted in third levels of monetary information ,more volume information is missing .The Toyota mode of production has " ;a conspicuous problem then it destroyed " ;,many problems in the absence of further into can control the data previously ,was solved .
The functions of management into the line. When this process is perfect in reality walkthrough ,there is no general sense of " ;" and " ;management ;management " ;difference.
Twentieth Century China management " ;two ginseng change three combined with " ," ;participative management ;" ;" ," ;decentralization ;humanization management of budding, but these in the final analysis is " " ;management ;as the main body ,to be managers to build motivation or engaging in " ," and " ;management ;management ;" ;the two people as the premise .
Everyone is watching managers .It was incredible ,the Toyota production methods under the TPS a reality. Usually ,supervisors and supervisees is strictly defined .Management is a process of the designers and the supervision and evaluation ,and management is the need to strictly implement design manual, abide by the procedures and processes required duties .
In other words ,managers have be richly endowed by nature and the pursuit of the power of thinking power ,and managers are faithfully executed management instruction ,to ensure that the processes and process accurately.
TPS subvert this understanding .It give the right of thinking and the pursuit of the best answer to the right ,to the front-line staff . TPS this characteristic ,made me think of contemporary prestigious jurist Ronald .
Dworkin ( Ronald Dworkin ) .Dworkin has two iconic slogan ,one is that everyone has the right of independent thought ,the two is that everyone has the pursuit of the best answer to the liability .
As princes are God ,management also regard oneself head and shoulders above others ,their thinking and decision making ,allows the company to excellence or destruction. But TPS think right to give front-line staff ,they have been treated as an equal, independent thinking Right .
Every employee is not in accordance with the law ,but to ask myself ,why not ask the janitor .Everyone independent thinking ,there is no Toyota production system .Each person enjoys the right of independent thought ,everyone will have to pursue the best answer right and responsibility .
It is the two sides of a coin after certain time .The best answer is not only a kind of rights of employees ,but also a special responsibility. As Emerson has said ," ;human only responsibility is to be true to yourself ,and his introspection not isolating him ,but will bring it into a true great field of " ;" ;truth .
Great field of " ;modern enterprise ,is true .And enterprise operation against the truth,Adidas Wings, from the top spot by from the " ;" ," ;budget ;reward " ," ;" ;index ;such as induction of operating practices ,as well as a return power field ,give the right of thinking and the pursuit of the best answer right back to the field staff .
Is it ," ;Emperor ,rather a kind of ?" ;Toyota breakthrough limit type improvement on raw power ,is " ;two heads are better than one ," ;" ;all for the team , " ;" ;new skills and experience lateral extension " ;and collective mental models.
The collective culture is China ,but now has been alienated from the income gap ,can reflect this. Enterprise management, moved here from Europe and the United States ," " ;functionalism ," ;money ;the stimulation of " ," ;" ;wage ;and individualistic framework has been occupied dominant position.
As long as it does not change the mental models ,to achieve a breakthrough the limit should be improved ,it is very difficult to spot .Employees in the TPS and TPS have completely different status and requirements .
In the Toyota way, employees are stupid ,everybody don why ,everyone abide by the immutable and frozen operation manual ,complete the assigned tasks. TPS does not require on-site staff stereotype to perform its task, but in the process of working ,joined a lot of Socratic problem.
For example ,this work is how to carry out ?How to judge which way is correct? How to determine the working results of defects ?If a problem will be how to deal with ?Each problem, field staff are required to maintain at least five questions ,one time A thorough ,so until all the problems .
Through the Socratic Questioning ,guide the workers themselves to solve the problem. The site employees like scientists duplication hypothesis mm experimental mm verification cycle. This is Toyota DNA.
In Toyota ,field staff became clever employee ,became the field intelligent scientist. The staff together ,became a scientist collaborative group ,http://adidasjeremyscottit.com,Toyota became full the community of scientists .
Other companies are not easily overtook Toyota ,it is because of the lack of shaping a great scientist collective mechanism .Chinese management wrong !Wrong in only pay attention to the staff according to rules to do right things ,but did not give the employee of a gleam of independent thinking and the pursuit of the best right ,to mining ,to develop the site staff .
Drucker pointed out ," ;twenty-first Century overlord ,is developed to improve the knowledge worker productivity mechanism of national " ;.Toyota mode of production is a kind of such knowledge worker creativity development of exquisite design.
The employees have become masters ,they have to create a new civilized lofty aspirations ," ;" ;with an eagle to " ;overlooking " ;product line and product line ,with bugs Eyes to creatively deep " ;" ;.
When the scene has been greatly release ,Toyota will get rid of the company general inertia and destruction. Can say ,the Toyota production mode, has held in twenty-first Century the company true .
Even so ,Toyota incumbent president Katsuaki Watanabe is still very alert him several years ago .He said ," ;when I think of this development may become the first in the world ,then I am afraid the team solid enterprising cultural decadence ,to keep oneself position bureaucratization increasingly severe " ;.